HerpesThis document is available in English as well as in languages other than English. Links to the multilingual resources can be accessed further below.
Title: Herpes (Links to English resource)
Summary: Genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV), either HSV-1 or HSV-2. HSV gains entry to the body through the delicate membranes of the genital tract, mouth, and anus, or through tiny abrasions in the skin (initial infection.) The virus then enters adjacent nerve tissue, where it persists but is generally kept under control by immune cells in healthy skin. However, certain factors, especially trauma to the skin, result in weakening of the skin’s protective immunity and release of virus particles onto the skin surface (recurrent infection.)
Organisation: Melbourne Sexual Health Centre
Publishing date: October 2013
Last reviewed: October 2015
Target audience: General
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