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Kessler 10 (K10) assessment form

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Kessler 10 (K10) assessment form

The Kessler (K10) measure is a 10-item self-report questionnaire intended to yield a global measure of 'psychological distress' based on questions about the level of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the most recent 4-week period. K-10 WHO Copyright and Citation

K-10 WHO Copyright and Citation

The K6/K10 scales are available for unrestricted use. Please include the copyright and the citation to the source publication:

© Ronald C. Kessler, PhD. All rights reserved.
Kessler, R.C., Barker, P.R., Colpe, L.J., Epstein, J.F., Gfroerer, J.C., Hiripi, E., Howes, M.J, Normand, S-L.T., Manderscheid, R.W., Walters, E.E., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2003). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 184-189.

The main webpage for the scales is: Link

For an overview of the K6/K10 scales, see:
Puac-Polanco, V., Ziobrowski, H.N., Zainal, N.H., Sampson, N.A., Kessler, R.C. (2023). K10 and K6 Scales. In: Krägeloh, C.U., Alyami, M., Medvedev, O.N. (Eds.) International Handbook of Behavioral Health Assessment (pp. 1-30). Cham, Switzerland: Springer Cham.

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Last reviewed:
January 2024

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